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JavaScript interview questions (2023)

JavaScript interview questions (2023)

Ai Anshu | Sat Mar 18 2023

JavaScript is one of the most widely used programming languages in the world. It is a powerful tool that is used to create interactive and dynamic web pages. If you’re looking to become a JavaScript developer or simply want to improve your skills, you need to know some important JavaScript programming questions and their solutions. In this article, we will cover some commonly asked JavaScript interview questions and provide solutions to help you improve your JavaScript programming skills.

  1. What is JavaScript?

    link $What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a programming language that is used to create interactive and dynamic web pages. It is a client-side scripting language that runs on the user’s computer rather than the server. JavaScript is used to create interactive user interfaces, dynamic forms, and animations.

  1. What is the difference between null and undefined in JavaScript?

    link $What is the difference between null and undefined in JavaScript?

In JavaScript, null is a value that represents the intentional absence of any object value, while undefined is a variable that has been declared but has not been assigned a value.

  1. What is the difference between let, var, and const?

    link $What is the difference between let, var, and const?

In JavaScript, let, var, and const are used to declare variables. Var is the oldest method of declaring variables, while let and const were introduced in ECMAScript 6. Var is function-scoped, while let and const are block-scoped. Const is used to declare constants, which cannot be re-assigned.

  1. What is the difference between == and ===?

    link $What is the difference between == and ===?

The == operator checks for equality between two values, but it does not check for data type. The === operator checks for both equality and data type.

  1. How do you declare a function in JavaScript?

    link $How do you declare a function in JavaScript?

Functions can be declared in JavaScript using the function keyword. For example:

function myFunction() {
  // Code to be executed
}
  1. What is hoisting in JavaScript?

    link $What is hoisting in JavaScript?

Hoisting is a mechanism in JavaScript where variable and function declarations are moved to the top of their respective scopes. This means that variables and functions can be used before they are declared.

  1. What is a closure in JavaScript?

    link $What is a closure in JavaScript?

A closure is a function that has access to variables in its outer scope, even after the outer function has returned. Closures are created when a function is defined inside another function.

  1. How do you iterate over an object in JavaScript?

    link $How do you iterate over an object in JavaScript?

You can use a for…in loop to iterate over an object in JavaScript. For example:

const myObject = {a: 1, b: 2, c: 3};
for (const key in myObject) {
  console.log(key, myObject[key]);
}
  1. What is the difference between synchronous and asynchronous programming in JavaScript?

    link $What is the difference between synchronous and asynchronous programming in JavaScript?

Synchronous programming means that code is executed in a sequential manner, while asynchronous programming means that code is executed in a non-sequential manner. Asynchronous programming is often used in JavaScript for tasks such as making API calls or handling user events.

  1. What is the DOM in JavaScript?

    link $What is the DOM in JavaScript?

The Document Object Model (DOM) is a programming interface for HTML and XML documents. It represents the page so that programs can change the document structure, style, and content.

In conclusion, JavaScript is a powerful programming language that is used to create interactive and dynamic web pages. By knowing the answers to these common JavaScript programming questions, you can improve your skills and become a better JavaScript developer. Remember to practice regularly and keep learning new techniques to stay up-to-date with the latest trends in JavaScript programming.